Princeton – is not just a city in the state of New Jersey, but one of the oldest private research university. This is one of the most famous and prestigious universities in the United States, along with Yale, Harvard and Stanford.
At university he studied natural humanities, social and technical sciences. After Princeton University students receive qualification and bachelor’s and master’s degrees.
The university no specializations in medicine, law, business, or theology, but its constituent School of Public and International Affairs offers to get professional degrees Woodrow Wilson. In addition, the education system includes the Princeton School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, and the School of Architecture, which offer similar titles. The University has the largest trust fund for non-commercial use (endowment) in the world (if you count per student).
History of the University of Princeton
Date of foundation of the University – 1746. It was originally called the College of New Jersey. The British North American colonies, he became the fourth college.
The priest considered the founder Jonathan Dickinson University. In his house in New Brunswick were the first class.
In 1756, the university moved to the city of Princeton. The location was chosen Nassau Hall, which was named in honor of the English royal house of William III.
Princeton University has always played a prominent role in the historical events of the United States. He took his place in the events of the War of Independence. It was a Princeton graduate constitute one sixth of the Constitutional Convention. And one of them, John Witherspoon, signed the Declaration of Independence.
The symbol of the university – a bronze sculpture of tigers.
In 1902, Woodrow Wilson became president of Princeton. This contributed to the fact that the institution has acquired a supreme world authority, unchanged to this day.
When manual Wilson, since 1905, the university established a system of seminars, will supplement the standard lecture. This method of teaching individualized approach to small groups of students. They had the opportunity to work closely with teachers in their chosen area of interest.
In 1933, Albert Einstein is assigned the honorary status of life member of the Institute of Advanced Studies. His office is located on the campus of Princeton University. Some time later, a brilliant scientist and even got his own house on Mercer Street Princeton.
Priorities of training Princeton
While the university is considered to be research, and according to statistics, are in the period 2012-2013 has learned more than two and a half thousand of masters and doctoral students in the University of priority – is training students in English – undergraduate students.
How to prepare Bachelors in Princeton
Bachelors prepare thirty four Princeton faculty. There are degrees of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree in engineering.
East Pyne Hall – is located in the courtyard of the University Centre in-depth study of foreign (including Slavic) languages, literatures and cultures of the world.
Sexuality education at Princeton focused on the combination of research, using the power of science and the arts.
There are a number of mandatory courses for the study, which should listen to all students without exception. Although the requirements for each department presents its, these courses go far beyond the narrow specialties, allowing to obtain universal knowledge and skills.
This means that all students are required to attend a course (a minimum number of them) in the following specialties:
- Course literature and art;
- the course of history;
- Course of Sociology;
- Course epistemology and cognition;
- Course of ethics and morality;
- Course of Natural Science;
- Course of Science and Technology.
Three or four semesters, students are required to study foreign languages and need to attend a series of seminars on the subject of writing skills.
In the humanities courses are usually read two or three lectures a week plus one workshop.
Faculty of Sciences courses include additional laboratory studies. Weekly rate – one / two sessions.
Prerequisite graduation for all students – writing one or two research projects in the third year. In the fourth year, as is customary in all the world’s universities, wrote his thesis.
Since the thesis essentially – scientific research, students at Princeton architecture, visual arts and literature departments have the opportunity to approach the submitting his thesis creatively. The diploma can be protected in the form of writing a novel, or a statement of the play design layout.
Training Masters in Princeton
University makes it possible to obtain a master’s degree research in the following areas:
- social sciences;
- natural sciences and engineering.
After passing the training are assigned to a master’s degree:
- Architecture (M.Arch.),
- Technical Sciences (M.Eng.),
- Master of Finance (M.Fin.),
- technical sciences (MSE),
- Chemistry (MS),
- PR (MPA),
- public policy (MPP)
- Public Affairs and Urban and Regional Planning (MPA-DSS).
Doctoral studies at Princeton
Opportunity to become a Doctor of Science is available in any discipline taught at the university.
To be a PhD at Princeton University, is necessary to conduct independent and original research work in their respective professional fields.
Admission to university policy and financial assistance
Princeton University Guide very carefully selects applicants. The figures received training typically only 8.5% of the number of applicants for membership.
Princeton – the first university, which was to give maximum attention to grants, rather than lend to students who need financial assistance.
According to the edition of US News & World Report, the number of first-year students at Princeton receiving financial assistance – around 60%. The average level of the grant for 2015 – $ 42,600, at a cost of $ 58,965 per year of study.
Tuition at Princeton
- Education – $ 41,820
- The number in the dorm – $ 7570
- Nutrition – $ 6050
- Other expenses (books, supplies, etc.) – $ 3525
- The total cost of tuition – $ 58,965
Scientific activity Princeton
Research at Princeton University has one of the highest priorities. Formally, the scientific activity is divided into four general areas:
- engineering and applied sciences;
- humanitarian branch of science;
- natural Sciences;
- social Sciences.
34 academic faculties and 75 institutes and centers employ more than 1,100 teachers. Here it is necessary to include two laboratories (Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Lab, Princeton Plasma Physics Lab) nationwide.
The latest news and scientific achievements Princeton university laboratories are regularly published on the official website of the university and its specialized sections.
Fine Hall – the tallest building of the campus, which hosts the Faculty of Mathematics. The main campus covers an area of approximately 2 km2.
Neighboring city Plainsboro and South Brunswick unite the James Forrestal Campus of Princeton University .Chastichno owned some property in West Windsor Township. To campus can be reached in about the same time (an hour drive) from New York City and Philadelphia.
Nassau Hall was built in 1756. It is the oldest building of the campus, which was held the third Continental Congress. Traditionally, the graduation ceremony held on the lawn just before Nassau Hall.
South outskirts of the campus is bordered by Lake Carnegie. This artificial lake, named after Andrew Carnegie, who in 1906 financed its construction at the request of his friend, a graduate of Princeton. Carnegie hoped to inspire university students rowing aside football. Carnegie believed that football – a sport, not suitable for the real gentlemen.
Headquartered at Princeton University rowers are still located on the shore of the lake in the center of rowing named Shea.
The architecture of the campus
Scattered throughout the campus group of sculptures created in the twentieth century, the image collection Putnam Collection of Sculpture. It consists of works that are created by several authors:
- Alexander Calder and his “Five discs: one empty”;
- Jacob Epstein “Albert Einstein”;
- Henry Moore “Oval with Points”;
- Isamu Noguchi “White Sun”;
- Pablo Picasso’s “Head of a Woman.”
Next to the library named after Lewis and Princeton Stadium between Peyton Hall and Fine Hall, you can see the sculpture of Richard Serra’s “Hedgehog and the Fox.”
Residence students Princeton
At Princeton University, all students are provided with housing for a period of four years. Exceptional majority (98%) live in dormitories on campus campus. Freshmen and sophomores are housed in the so-called “college-dorm.” For students of the third and fourth courses are traditional dormitories – only undergraduates live here.
Hostels in Princeton are not much different from the standard dormitories. Unlike colleges, dormitories fairly significant – they have their own dining rooms.
Each interested student has the opportunity to buy “food plan” to feed these dining rooms. Recently, students of the third and fourth years has added the ability to live in the College dormitories during their entire period of study at the university.
Undergraduates can optionally choose to stay exactly in Princeton. In most cases, they scare consistently high housing prices. Therefore, most of the students live on campus.
In the structure of Princeton University, six “college-hostels”, each of which are approximately five hundred freshmen and sophomores, some of the third-year students of the fourth course and several starshekursnikov- “advisers” in English residential college advisor.
Each college-dorm has:
- dining room;
- reading and assembly halls;
- theatrical marketplace;
- library, and so on.
Two college-dormitory were built in the 70s of the 20th century: Wilson College (Wilson College) College and Forbes (Forbes College). Three more: the Rockefeller College (Rockefeller College), Mate College (Mathey College) and Butler College – (Butler College), began work in 1983. Construction of six college-dorm Princeton, Whitman College (Whitman College), ended in 2007.
Dining clubs and student organizations Princeton
University students of social life is usually carried out in colleges and hostels, as they are called, “dining club” (in English – eating clubs).
This is a unique phenomenon typical Princeton student life. Students join by choice to one of the “dining club”, as a rule, in the second year.
“Dinner Clubs” Princeton does not depend on the administration of the university and is the most popular venue for dinners and parties by students throughout the school year.
The total number of college-dormitory at Princeton University – six. In colleges, hostels take many different guests, there is a whole life of diverse students. College dorm arrange a trip to New York in the theater, performances, ballets, operas, plays on Broadway, interesting exhibitions and sporting events.
“Dining Club” at Princeton University Ten. Those that are on the street “avenue of the city of Princeton” combined and girls, and boys older years. Most of the students of the third and fourth years prefer to receive food is in the “dining club”.
According to the data of 2011, in Princeton, there are about three hundred student organizations and other student clubs.
Conferences and events Princeton
Within the framework of political and social life at Princeton University held the conference “Model United Nations” , abbreviated MUN).
Autumn or winter time at the University of similar conference for schoolchildren PMUNC, and spring is a conference PICSim (Princeton Interactive Crisis Simulation) for students.
Princeton students every year in November, will organize a conference for students in Washington, DC, called the «Model Congress».